FEATURES WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE CORONA VIRUS By Admin Posted on January 25, 2020 4 min read 0 0 297 Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google+ Share on Pinterest According to the World Health Organization, coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The name coronavirus comes from the Latin word corona, meaning crown or halo. This name refers to the shape of the virus image seen under an electron microscope. As of January 24, Chinese officials reported at least 26 deaths and 830 cases, all in Hubei Province, of which Wuhan is the capital. Other countries like Thailand, Singapore, Vietnam, Japan, the United States, South Korea, France and Nepal have reported far fewer cases and deaths; most of the people involved with the issue, if not all, had either come from Wuhan or been there recently. These viruses are transmitted between animals and people. SARS, for instance, was believed to have been transmitted from civet cats to humans while MERS travelled from a type of camel to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. A novel coronavirus, identified by Chinese authorities on January 7 and currently named 2019-nCoV, is a new strain that had not been previously identified in humans. Chinese health authorities are still trying to determine the origin of the virus, which they say came from a seafood market in Wuhan where wildlife was also traded illegally. The WHO also says an animal source appears most likely to be the primary source of the outbreak. Snakes – including the Chinese krait and the cobra – may be the source of the newly discovered virus, according to Chinese scientists. There is evidence of respiratory transmission of the virus from patient to patient and Chinese authorities have said 15 medical staff in the country have been infected. According to the WHO, signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, and cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, it can lead to pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death. The incubation period of the coronavirus remains unknown. Some sources say it could be between 10 to 14 days. The WHO chief, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus told reporters that the outbreak does not yet constitute a global emergency, urging China to keep its lockdown “short”. “This is an emergency in China, but it has not yet become a global health emergency,” he told reporters.